English Abstract

Influence of Mastication of NBR on Dispersion of Carbon Black

Koji OKAMOTO *1
Michiharu TOH *2
Ken NAKAJIMA *3
*1:Nihon Spindle Manufacturing, Shioe Amagasaki, Hyogo, JAPAN
*2:Kasuya, Fukuoka, JAPAN
*3:Department of Chemical Science and Engi- neering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, JAPAN
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2023),96(1),3-10 Original Paper in Japanese

In this study, we investigated the effects of different mastication on dispersion of carbon black (CB) and mixing using NBR with different raw material rubber viscosity and acrylonitrile content. In addition, the effects of rheological unit on the order of m, which are considered to be caused by mastication, on them were discussed. In NBR, CB dispersion is improved by sufficient mastication and mastication at low temperature. Furthermore, CB is easily dispersed in the case of NBR with low viscosity or high acrylonitrile content. On a microscopic scale, if CB incorporation is completed with large rheological unit remaining due to insufficient mastication, these large rheological unit remain until the end of mixing, which contributes to CB dispersion reduction. We found that the subdivision of NBR on the micro-scale has a greater effect on CB dispersion than the viscoelasticity of masticated NBR on the macro-scale. On the other hand, for BIT, temperature of masticated NBR on the macro-scale has a greater effect than the subdivision of NBR on the micro-scale.

Keywords: Mastication, Plasticization, Subdivision, Rheological Unit, Dispersion, BIT, AFM, NBR