English Abstract

Mechanics of Tire Shape

School of Advanced Engineering Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering Kogakuin University, Hachioji-Shi Tokyo, Japan
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2019),92(10),390-395 General Review in Japanese

There are two design elements in tire shape design; sidewall shape and crown shape. There are three theories in the mechanics of sidewall shape of tires; natural equilibrium shape, non-natural equilibrium shape and optimized shape. There is one theory in the mechanics of crown shape of tires: the numerical procedure that the finite element method is combined with the optimization method using the neural network. Those theories are reviewed and their applications for the tire design are summarized.

Keywords: Tire Shape, Natural Equilibrium Shape, Non-natural Equilibrium Shape, Optimization, Neural Network, Response Surface Method (RSM), Finite Element Method (FEM)