English Abstract

Fracture Reveals Real Structure and Characters of Rubber
Part 1: A Dominant Struggle between Elasticity and Viscosity in Fracture of Rubber

Yoshihide FUKAHORI
Queen Mary University of London
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2014),87(8),358-363 General Review in Japanese

Tensile properties of cross-linked rubber such as tensile strength, tensile elongation and tearing energy change 2 ` 3 orders of magnitude according to the variation of temperature and velocity within rubbery state. These phenomena result from the dominant contribution of the viscosity to the rubber elasticity. This seems to indicate that a phase separation between elastic and viscous parts takes place, and thus macroscopically bi-continuous structures are formed in real cross-linked rubber.

Keywords: Fracture, Elasticity, Viscosity, Bi-continuous Structure, Cross-linked Rubber