English Abstract
Structures in Sulfur-crosslinked EPDM Analyzed by Hahn Echo Method
Hitoshi IWABUKI, Kazuya NAGATA, Toru NOGUCHI and Eisuke YAMADA
Industrial Technology Center of Okayama Prefecture, Okayama, Japan
Nissin Kogyo Co., Ltd., Nagano, Japan
Aichi Institute of Technology, Toyota, Japan
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2005),78(7),255-259 Original Paper in Japanese

Sulfur-crosslinked EPDMs were examined by H pulsed NMR. Spin-spin relaxation time (T2) was measured by Hahn echo method. The decay curve was resolved into two components, T2n and T2nn, which were arising from network molecules and non-network molecules, respectively. For unfilled EPDMs prepared at varying sulfur content, the higher order structures analyzed by Hahn echo method were almost the same as those analyzed for peroxide-crosslinked EPDMs. The reciprocal of T2n measured at 150 for unfilled EPDMs increased linearly with increase in apparent crosslinking density (S) values determined by modified Flory-Rehner equation. For EPDMs filled with carbon black (CB), the crosslinking density of rubber phase (R) was calculated from the relationship betweenS and 1/T2n for unfilled EPDMs.The crosslinking density related to CB (F) was obtained from the difference between the S and R. The F values showed good correlation with the tensile stress at 100% elongation, independent of the kinds of cure agents.

(Received on February 2, 2005)

(Accepted on May 6, 2005)

EPDM, Crosslinking density, Pulsed NMR, Hahn echo method, Spin-spin relaxation time