English Abstract
Effects of Size and Shape of Conductive Particle on Percolation Phenomena of Conductive Particle/Polymer Composites
Kazuya Nagata
Industrial Technology Center of Okayama Prefecture,Okayama,Japan
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2004),77(
2), 54-59 General Review in Japanese.

The effects of particle size and shape of graphite dispersing in low-density polyethylene(LDPE)on percolation phenomena are reviewed. Flake and spherical shaped graphite with mean particle size from 2.1 to 82.6are used. The value of critical volume fraction of particles,, increases linearly when the mean particle size of the graphite flakes increase. The maximum value ofwas given when a spherical particle was used.
In addition influence of the polarity of polymer matrix on the degree of dispersion of hydrophilic SnO2 and hydrophobic spherical graphite particles and percolation phenomenon of conductive particles/polymer composites is reviewed. LDPE and ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer(EVA) that vinyl-acetate content is 7 and 15 wt% are used as polymer matrix. Theof SnO2/polymer composites increase by co-polymerization of polar vinyl-acetate groups in nonpolar LDPE. On the other hand, theof graphite/polymer composites are not related to vinyl-acetate content.

Percolation phenomena, Graphite, Tin oxide, Composite, Electrical conductivity, Critical volume fraction, Particle size, Particle shape