|Living Radical Polymerization 2. Polymerization Mechanism and Methods 2
Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University Gokasyou, Japan
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2009),82(8),363-369General Review in Japanese
Living radical polymerization (LRP) has been regarded as a fundamental technology for the creation of structurally well controlled polymeric materials with increased and/or new properties. This second article describes three methods of LRP, namely reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT), organotellurium-, stibine-, and bismuthine-mediated LRP (TERP, SBRP, BIRP), and cobalt-mediated LRP (CMRP) focusing on their methods and mechanisms. Although degenerative chain transfer mechanism plays a key role in all these three LRP methods, the differences in chemical structure of dormant species and detail chain transfer mechanisms characterize synthetic scope and limitation of each method.
Living Radical Polymerization, Reversible Addition-fragmentation Chain Transfer Polymerization, Organotellurium-mediated Living Radical Polymerization, Organostibine-mediated Living Radical Polymerization, Organobismuthine-mediated Living Radical Polymerization, Cobalt-mediated Living Radical Polymerization