|Automobile Driver Assistance Systems: Trends and Issues
Meijo University, Nagoya-shi Japan
Nippon Gomu Kyokaishi,(2007),80(10),368-374 General Review in Japanese
In recent years, ITS projects in Japan, Europe and the US have been characterized by a strong emphasis on safe driver assistance systems designed to prevent traffic accidents. As it has become clear that eradicating accidents will be impossible by means of vehicle passive safety and single-vehicle active safety efforts alone, research and development of systems for preventing accidents through road-to-vehicle cooperation and vehicle-to-vehicle cooperation have been promoted in Japan (ASV, AHS), Europe (PReVENT, SAFESPOT) and the US (VII). The key to such technologies is road-to-vehicle communications and inter-vehicle communications. On the other hand, a number of driver assistance systems have been brought to market, including lidar-based forward collision warnings, ACC, lane keeping support and drowsiness warnings, but their penetration rates in Japan are extremely low. Furthermore, one major challenge is that safe driver assistance systems based on road-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-vehicle cooperation are premised upon a high penetration rate. Finally, we introduce a system for improving driver acceptance of safe driver assistance systems based on driver monitoring and forward monitoring as well as cooperative driver assistance systems for elderly drivers, an issue now receiving attention in Japan.
ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems), Driver Assistance Systems.